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Mental Capital and Wellbeing Project Outputs

A key message is that if we are to prosper and thrive in our changing society and in an increasingly interconnected and competitive world, both our mental and material resources will be vital. Encouraging and enabling everyone to realise their potential throughout their lives will be crucial for our...

By : Foresight Mental Capital and Wellbeing Project
The Government Office for Science, London UK

From NA, published on 22-10-2008

All-Island Skills Study

Recognising that a skilled workforce will be a key resource for a more prosperous all-island economy, both Governments, North and South, agreed to work together to ensure that the required skills are in place to encourage sustained growth. As a first step, the two skills expert groups established No...

By : ForfĂ s

From NA, published on 09-10-2008

Epistemetrics: conceptual domain and metrics of knowledge management

By and large, the emerging field of knowledge management has mainly contained a variety of attempts to define the field, to explain its core components and to discuss its relevance and utility to organisations. Much of this literature is replete with normative narratives, albeit with some narrative ...

By : Eliezer Geisler
Nilmini Wickramasinghe

From Journal, published on 01-05-2008

Creative Britain New Talents for the economy

 This report aims to improve the quality oflife for all through cultural and sporting activities, support the pursuit of excellence,and champion the tourism, creative and leisure industries in Great Britain. At the foundation of the proposed srategy are two key proposals: more opportunity for young ...

By : Secretary of Sta John Hutton - Department for Business, Enterprise & Regulatory Reform (United Kingdom)

From Public report, published on 22-02-2008

The Geography of the European Creative Class: A Rank-Size Analysis

Using novel statistical data, the paper analyzes the geographical distribution of Richard Florida’s creative class among 445 European cities. The paper demonstrates that size matters, i.e. cities with a high proportion of creative class tend to get more creative through attraction of still mor...

By : Lorenzen, M. and Andersen, K.V.

From Working Paper, published on 31-12-2007

The Omnivore Thesis Revisited: Voracious Cultural Consumers

TThis paper contributes to the literature on cultural omnivorousness by introducing a new but related dimension of leisure consumption. While measures of omnivorousness have been based theoretically on the breadth of cultural tastes we present a phenomenon that we refer to as voraciousness. Voraciou...

By : Sullivan, O., and Katz-Gerro, T.

From Journal, published on 31-12-2007

Understanding Cultural Omnivorousness: or, the Myth of the Cultural Omnivore

The concept of omnivorousness has become influential in the sociologies of culture and consumption, cited variously as evidence of altered hierarchies in cultural participation and as indicative of broader socio-cultural changes. The ‘omnivore thesis’ contends that there is a sector of t...

By : Warde, A., Wright,D., and Gayo-Cal, M.

From Journal, published on 31-12-2007

The Race to the Top A Review of Government's Science and Innovation Policies

The best wayfor the UK to compete, in an era of globalisation, is to move into high-value goods,services and industries. An effective science and innovation system is vital to achieve this objective. The UK is internationally renowned for its research baseand this status requires continued support.G...

By : 

From Public report, published on 05-10-2007

Views Policy Workshop – Skills for Innovation,

 The workshop will primarily focus on scientific and technological skills, entrepreneurial skills and innovation management, and workers’ skills and competences, as well as on the culture and environment supporting innovation, in four sessions ...

By : 

From NA, published on 27-09-2007

The Role of Finance and Corporate Governance in National Systems of Innovation

Firms are central actors in innovation, and their actions are much affected by their corporate governance and the finance available. Thus a country’s finance and corporate governance system is a key element of its national system of innovation. The technological regimes of sectors (and sub-sec...

By : 

From NA, published on 26-09-2007

Open Innovation- The Dutch Treat: Challenges in Thinking in Business Models

This article covers the subject of the practical application of the principles of open innovation in Dutch industry. Open innovation is considered to be the third stage in evolving systems for innovation management. The results of the study showed that innovative Dutch companies have successfully ad...

By : Van Der Meer, H.

From Journal, published on 30-06-2007

What Role do Cities Play in Innovation, and to What Extent do we need City-Based Innovation Policies and Approaches?

This report presents interim findings from the research project on innovation in cities that the Centre for Cities is conducting for NESTA (the National Endowment for Science, Technology and the Arts). It discusses the extent to which innovation is an urban phenomenon, and what is special about citi...

By : Glenn Athey, Max Nathan and Chris Webber

From Working paper, published on 26-06-2007

Ready for the Future? Young people's views on work and careers

Future Innovators commissioned DEMOS to undertake a short study examining young people's attitudes to the future of work. It is based on a survey of 15 and 16 year olds, who are about to make decisionsregarding their future, such as the careers and qualifications they aregoing to pursue.The studyexp...

By : Duncan O'Leary - Demos (France)

From Public report, published on 31-05-2007

Creative Cities: Conceptual Issues and Policy Questions

This article represents a broad and occasionally polemical meditation on the nature and significance of creative cities. I seek to situate the concept of creative cities within the context of the so-called new economy and to trace out the connections of these phenomena to recent shifts in technologi...

By : Scott, A.J.

From Journal, published on 31-12-2006

Global Entrepreneurship Monitor 2006

The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) cross-nationalassessment of entrepreneurial activity is now in its eighth cycle. Started in 1999,with ten participating countries, the project has expanded to include 42countries in 2006. GEM is a major research project aimed at describingand analysing entre...

By : Rebecca Harding and Niels Bosma

From Public report, published on 31-12-2006

The New Argonauts: Regional Advantage in the Global Economy

The New Argonauts extends Saxenian's pioneering research into the dynamics of competition in Silicon Valley. The book brings a fresh perspective to the way that technology entrepreneurs build regional advantage in order to compete in global markets. Scholars, policy makers, and business leaders will...

By : Saxenian, A.

From Book, published on 31-12-2006

The Organization of Work and Innovative Performance: A comparison of the EU-15

It is widely recognised that while expenditures on research and development are important inputs to successful innovation, the seare not the only inputs. Further, rather than viewing innovation as a linear process, recent work on innovation in business and economics literatures characterises it as a...

By : Arundel, A. Lorenz, E., Lundvall, B-A

From Working paper, published on 31-12-2006

The Economy of Culture in Europe

This study, carried out by KEA for the EC, is a first at European level. It highlights the direct (in terms of GDP, growth and employment) as well as the indirect (links between creativity and innovation, links with the ICT sector, regional development and attractiveness) contributions of the cultu...

By : Philippe Kern - KEA European Affairs (Belgium)

From Working Paper, published on 01-10-2006

Europeans and Biotechnology in 2005: Patterns and Trends

This is the sixth in a series of Eurobarometer surveys on biotechnology. The surveys have been conducted in 1991, 1993, 1996,1999, 2002 and 2005. The survey is based on a representative sample of 25,000 respondents, approximately 1,000 in each EU Member State. Currently, issues such as stem cell res...

By : Gaskell, G., Allansdottir, A. Allum, N., Corchero, C., Fischler, C., Hampel, J., Jackson, J., Kronberger, N., Mejlgaard, N., Revuelta, G., Schreiner, C., Stares, S., Torgersen H. and Wagner, W

From EC reports, published on 31-05-2006

A leaders guide to creating an innovation culture, Strategy & Leadership

Advising top management how to find the right balance between corporate creativity and efficiency in order to turn innovation into commercialreality....

By : Leavy, B

From Journal, published on 31-12-2005

Designs on Nature: Biotechnology Regulation in America and Europe

Biology and politics have converged today across much of the industrialized world. Debates about genetically modified organisms, cloning, stem cells, animal patenting, and new reproductive technologies crowd media headlines and policy agendas. Less noticed, but no less important, are the rifts that ...

By : Jasanoff, S.

From NA, published on 31-12-2005

Global Entrepreneurship Monitor 2005

This report constitutes the seventh annual assessment and review of the state of entrepreneurship in countries participating in the GEM project. Since its inception in 1999 by scholars at Babson College and London Business School, GEM has developed into one of the world’s leading research cons...

By : Bygrave, W. D., and Autio, E

From Public report, published on 31-12-2005

Self-employment of immigrants: a cross-national study of 17 Western societies

This study examines the role of immigrants’ country of origin, country of destination and combinations thereof (settings or communities) in the likelihood of immigrants being self employed. I pooled census data from three classic immigrant countries (Australia, Canada and the United States) an...

By : Van Tubergen, F.

From Working Paper, published on 31-12-2005

The Emergence of Entrepreneurship Education: Development, Trends, and Challenge

In light of the recent proliferation of entrepreneurship education programs, it is worthwhile to study the current state of entrepreneurship education, as well as the challenges it is likely to face in the future.First, the emergence and historical context of entrepreneurship education, which appear...

By : Kuratko, D.F. (2005) The Emergence of Entrepreneurship Education: Development, Trends, and Challenge, Baylor University

From Journal, published on 31-12-2005

Social Values and the Governance of Science

In recognition of the tensions between science and society, and as research increasingly enters value-laden areas, proposals have been made for scientists to engage with other communities on the ethical, legal, and social implications of science and technology and for the "public voice" to be brough...

By : Gaskell, G., Einsidel, E., Hallman, W., Hornig Priest, S., Jackson, J. and Olsthoom, J,

From Journal, published on 23-12-2005

Innovation and Employment in European Firms: Microeconometric Evidence

The research project "Innovation and Employment in European Firms: Microeconometric Evidence", was aimed at studying the effects of innovation on the performance and growth of firms, with a focus on the effects on employment. In addition, the project set as an objective the coordinated work across c...


From EC reports, published on 26-10-2005

Differences between public and private sector innovation

This chapter aims to build an understanding of the characteristics and the differences between public and private sector innovation. “Systems of innovation” approaches will be used to examine innovation in the public sector and its relation to that in the private sector. The approaches w...

By : Rannveig Røste, NIFU STEP and Ian Miles, CRIC

From Public report, published on 01-08-2005

The Wrong Stuff, Centre for Cities

Richard Floridas well-known creative class theory suggests that diverse, tolerant and cool cities will out perform other places. Cities with more ethnic minorities, gay people and counter-culturalists will attract high-skilled professionals: the presence of this creative classensures cities get the ...

By : Nathan M.

From Working Paper, published on 01-08-2005

Population Innovation Readiness

Innovation is a cornerstone of the strategy to meet the target agreed by the European Council in Lisbon in March 2000 of the Union becoming the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy by the end of the decade. The success of innovative products and services depends on market dynamism. I...

By : TNS Opinion & Social

From Conference Paper, published on 30-06-2005

A guide to NICE

This booklet is a simple guide to the work of the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. (NICE) is the independent organisation responsible for providing national guidance on the promotion of good health and the prevention and treatment of ill health...

By : National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE)

From Public report, published on 30-04-2005

The mature aged in transition: Innovative practice for reengagement

There are mounting imperatives for the VET sector to be more responsive to the training needs of older learners and workers. There has been a steady growth in people over 45 years of age undertaking training through the VET system, as well as, labour market trends which show that the incidence of lo...

By : Roslyn Cameron

From Conference Paper, published on 13-04-2005

The World is Flat: A Brief History of the Twenty-First Century

What Friedman means by "flat" is" connected": the lowering of trade and political barriers and theexponential technical advances of the digital revolution that have made it possible to do business, or almost anything else, instantaneously with billions of other people across the planet. This in itse...

By : Friedman, T.L.,

From Book, published on 05-04-2005

An Integrated Model of University Technology Commercialization and Entrepreneurship Education

The intellectual capital and property developed by our nation’s universities are often heralded as a significant resource for the introduction of new and innovative products and services to the country’s economy. Beginning in 1980 with the passage of the landmark Bayh - Dole Act, univers...

By : Boni, A.A. and Emerson,

From Conference Paper, published on 31-01-2005

Evaluating Local Economic and Employment Development: How to Assess What Works among Programmes and Policies’ Industry, Services & Trade, 2004

Evaluating Local Economic and Employment Development is one of the few books to examine best practices in evaluating programmes for local and regional economic and employment development.  Appropriate for a non-technical readership, this book contains policy proposals for central and local governmen...


From OECD, published on 31-12-2004

Motivation as a personal investment

Awareness of something like "achievement motivation" may not be "as old as dirt," but probably is nearly "as old as sin." And, interestingly enough, it was a concern with religion and its effects that figured significantly in the emergence of the contemporary scientific approach to the study of achi...

By : McInerney, D.M. and Van Etten, S.

From Chapter in edited book, published on 31-12-2004

The curse of the creative class

Providence, Rhode Island, is so worried that it doesn’t appeal to hip, young technology workers that local economic-development officials are urging a campaign to make the city the nation’s capital of independent rock music. In Pittsburgh, another place that fears it lacks appeal among t...

By : Malanga, S

From Journal, published on 31-12-2004

Education Matters - But Does Entrepreneurship Education

For most entrepreneurship scholars and quite a few policy makers David Birch is well known, even though very few of today’s scholars in the field have actually met him. His research in neighborhood and community development in the late seventies paved the way for the work of many of today&rsqu...

By : prof David Birch - MIT (USA)

From Journal, published on 26-09-2004

Economic Security and Value Change

A statistically significant trend toward postmaterialism in eight West European countries is observed in a time series analysis, controlling for the combined impact of inflation and unemployment. This finding confirms an earlier forecast of an intergenerational shift toward postmaterialist values. S...

By : Abramson, Paul R.; Inglehart,

From Journal, published on 30-06-2004

Creative cities: Breeding places in the knowledge economy

This paper explores the function ofcities in the knowledge economy. The knowledge economy asks for “creativecities,” i.e. competitive urban areas that combine concentration, diversity,instability and a positive reputation. For a review of the concept of creativecities from a historical a...

By : 

From Journal, published on 08-06-2004

The institutional governance of technology, society, and innovation, Technology in Society

Economic growth and social progress are based on institutions, ideas, and community learning. Communities, creativity and local ideas drive the collective prosperity of nations. They attract and retain investment as well as creative, talented people. Institutions are the conduit through which ideas ...

By : de la Mothe, J

From Working paper, published on 20-03-2004

New Products and services. Analysis of regulations shaping new markets

New products and services are the driving force of a dynamic and persperous economy.Besides the direct public promotion of new products and services, e.g. by publicfunding for research and innovation activities, framework conditions are crucial for the success of new products and services in the mar...

By : Blind, K.,

From Public report, published on 29-02-2004

Creative Capital - creative industries in the creative city

Over the last few years the “Creative Industries”, have become a major new consideration in urban  economics and city politics.  Writers such as Americans, Richard Caves and Richard Florida, have  led much of the discussion supported through their analysis and data collection of this sec...

By : Brecknock, R.

From Working Paper, published on 30-01-2004

Building organisational culture that stimulates creativity and innovation

The purpose of this article is to present, by means of a model, the determinants of organisational culture which influence creativity and innovation. A literature study showed that a model, based on the open systems theory and the work of Schein, can offer a holistic approach in describing organisat...

By : Martins, E.C. and Terblanche, F

From Journal, published on 31-12-2003

Cultural Factors Shaping the Experience of ICTs: An Exploratory Review by The Cultural Differences Workgroup,

The following paper explores and charts the diverse ways inwhich researchers have examined the effects of culture on the experience ofinformation and communication technologies. This is not meant to be a theoretical statement but a practical guide.By illustrating this range of claims through contemp...

By : Thomas, F., Haddon, L., Gilligan, R., Heinzmann, P, and de Gournay, C.

From Working Paper, published on 31-12-2003

Exploring the Tomato

The authors of this book claim that the tomato'shistory mirrors a fundamental shift in how we produce, process, market, andconsume our food. To make the case, they combine historical research with organizational analysis, case studies, and interviews with growers, seedproducers, warehouse operatives...

By : Harvey, M., Quilley, S., and Beynon

From Book, published on 31-12-2003

Open Innovation

This collection investigates the phenomenon of "Open Innovation," in which firms draw on research and development that may lie outside their own boundaries. The book's contributors link the practice of innovation to the established body of innovation research, showing what's new and what's familiar ...

By : Chesbrough, H. W.

From Book, published on 31-12-2003

The Theory of Human Development: A Cross-Cultural Analysis

This article demonstrates that socioeconomic development, emancipative cultural change and democratization constitute a coherent syndrome of social progress – a syndromewhose common focus has not been properly specified by classical modernization theory. We specify this syndrome as ‘huma...

By : Welzel, C. Inglehart, R.and Klingemann, H.

From Journal, published on 31-12-2003

Review of Richard Florida's The rise of the creative class

Florida, an academic whose field is regional economic development, explains the rise  of a new social class that he labels the creative class. Members include scientists, engineers,architects, educators, writers, artists, and entertainers. He defines this class as those whose economic function is to...

By : 

From Book, published on 23-12-2003

Organisational Innovativeness in the Public Sector: towards a nomological network

"Organizational learning" and "innovativeness" have been identified as essential to organizational performance. Yet, little attention has been given to examining their joint relationships with performance in for-profit (private) and not-for-profit (public) organizations.Innovativeness and organizati...

By : Shoham, A., Ruvio, A., Vigoda, E. and Schwabsky, N.

From Working Paper, published on 06-12-2003

Consumers as Co-developers: Learning and Innovation Outside the Firm

This study describes a process in which a firm relies on an external consumer community for innovation. While it has been recognized that users may sometimes innovate, little is known about what commercial firms can do to motivate and capture such innovations and their related benefits. We contribut...

By : Jeppensen, L.B and Molin, M.J.

From Working paper, published on 30-09-2003

Person–entrepreneurship fit: why some people are more successful as entrepreneurs than others

Person–organization fit research suggests that the closer the match between individuals' attitudes, values, knowledge, skills, abilities, and personality, the better their job satisfaction and performance. We suggest that the closer the match between entrepreneurs' personal characteristics and...

By : Markman, G.D. and Baron, R.A.

From Journal, published on 31-08-2003

National Action Plan Against Obesity

In September 2001 the National Board of Health took steps to develop a proposal for a national action plan for prevention and treatment of obesity. What follows is a short version of this proposed action plan...

By : National Board of Health (NBH)

From Public report, published on 01-06-2003

Modern Apprenticeship Employers: evaluation study

Modern Apprenticeships were developed as a means of addressing skill deficiencies at intermediate level and became fully operational in 1995.  In addition to training to NVQ levels 2 and 3, the programme was designed to include keyskills.  Over the past few years there have been a number of changes ...

By : Anderson, T. with Metcalf, H.,

From Working Paper, published on 30-04-2003

Clusters and Knowledge: Local Buzz, Global Pipelines and the Process of Knowledge Creation

The paper is concerned with spatial clustering of economic activity and its relation to the spatiality of knowledge creation in various sorts of interactive learning processes. It questions the merit of the prevailing explanatory model where the realm of tacit knowledge transfer is confined to local...

By : Bathelt, H. Malmberg, A., and Maskell, P

From Working paper, published on 31-12-2002

The Economic Geography of Talent

The paper explores the economic geography of talent. It argues that the distribution of talent –that is high human capital individuals –plays a fundamental role in the distribution of high-tech firms and in regional economic outcomes. To shed light on these issues, this paper summarizes ...

By : 

From Working paper, published on 31-12-2002

The rise of the creative class: and how it is transforming work,

Florida, an academic whose field is regionaleconomic development, explains the rise of a new social class that he labelsthe creative class. Members include scientists, engineers, architects,educators, writers, artists, and entertainers. He defines this class as thosewhose economic function is to cre...

By : Florida, R.,

From Book, published on 31-12-2002

Immigrants drawn to Austin’s creativity: Foreign-born residents crucial to economy, culture and vice vers

In fundamental ways, Belady is a stereotypical immigrant to the United States, full of admiration for this country's opportunity and freedom.He is, in addition, a political refugee and an internationally respected computer pioneer who has lived and worked with ideas in six countries on three contine...

By : Lisheron, M.and Bishop, B

From Conference Paper, published on 09-06-2002

Economics of Agglomeration: Cities, Industrial Location, and Regional Growth

This book provides the first unifying analysis of the range of economic reasons for the clustering of firms and households.Its goal is to explain further the trade-off between various forms of increasing returns and different types of mobility costs. The main focus of the analysis is on cities, but ...

By : Fujita, M. and Thisse,

From Book, published on 03-05-2002

Export Performance and Market Orientation: establishing an empirical link

This study examines the export performance consequences of a market orientation and the potential moderating impact of the competitive, technological, and market environment. Market orientation was positively related to three dimensions of export performance: change in export sales, export profits, ...

By : Rose, G.M. and Shoham, A.

From Journal, published on 31-03-2002

Localised Learning and Industrial Competitiveness

Changes in the international economy have gradually shifted the basis of industrial competitiveness from static price competition towards dynamic improvement, benefiting firms that are able to create knowledge faster than their competitors. This paper argues that proximity between firms plays an imp...

By : Maskell, P. and Malmberg, A.

From Working paper, published on 02-03-2002

Risk propensity differences between entrepreneurs and managers: a meta-analytic review

Research examining the relative risk-taking propensities of entrepreneurs and managers has produced conflicting findings and noconsensus, posing an impediment to theory development. To overcome the limitations of narrative reviews, the authors used psychometricmeta-analysis to mathematically cumulat...

By : Stewart, W. H. and Roth, P.L

From Journal, published on 31-12-2001

The Internet Galaxy: Reflections on the Internet, Business and Society

Manuel Castells is one of the leading sociological analysts of information societies. His prior books about large-scale social transformation have been the subjects of numerous review essays and university symposia, and some scholars view them as classics. The Internet Galaxy interprets for nonspeci...

By : Castells, M

From Book, published on 31-12-2001

Services and the Knowledge Based Economy

Over the past two decades, the service sectors have increased dramatically, and now occupy the largest share of the economy of advanced industrial societies. Certain business services are regularly cited as evidence for the emergence of a 'knowledge economy'. In this pioneering book, leading researc...

By : Boden, M and Miles, I

From Book, published on 31-10-2001

Gambling for growth or settling for survival:The dilemma of the small business adviser

The paper questions aspects of the UK government’s policy to target small firm support on fast-growing firms – to maximise its employment impact. The paper explores the tension between advice likely to increase growth and risk-taking and advice likely to ensure firm survival in the turbu...

By : Mole, K.

From Working paper, published on 31-12-2000

Organizational culture in the public sector: evidence from six organizations

A process of organisational change has accompanied managerial reforms in the public sector and is oriented towards the development of a post-bureaucratic organisational culture. However, there remains a limited empirical understanding of culture in public organisations. Contributes to an understandi...

By : Parker, R. and Bradley, L.

From Journal, published on 31-12-2000

Psychological approaches to entrepreneurial success. A general model and an overview of findings

Small and medium sized enterprises are important for toady's economy. Small and medium sized enterprises are the major agents of economic growth and employment (ECSB newsletter, 1997). Drucker (1985) described this as a shift from a managerial to an entrepreneurial economy. About 99% of the European...

By : Rauch, A. and Frese, M.

From Working Paper, published on 31-12-2000

Transnational Firms and the Changing Organisation of Innovative Activ-ities

It is suggested that a transition is taking place towards new modes of organising transnational corporations' innovative activities. First, different units of multinational firms, including foreign-based subsidiaries, are increasingly involved in the generation, use and transmission of knowledge. Se...

By : Zanfei A.

From Cambridge Journal of Economics, published on 05-08-2000

National Systems of Innovation Under Strain: The Inter-nationalisation of Corporate R&D

Productivity and its determinants are central to economic debate. This volume examines differences in productivity among nations, and provides comprehensive discussion as to why they exist; it addresses the importance of the growth and measurement of service productivity,and studies the role of huma...

By : Patel, P. and Pavitt, K.

From Edited Book, published on 31-07-2000

Case for Comparative Entrepreneurship: Assessing the Relevance of Culture

As international entrepreneurship gains momentum as a significant and relevant field of research, scholars need to address methodological issues that can facilitate the triangulation of research results. In this paper, we examine the relationship between culture and four personality characteristics ...

By : Mueller, S.L. and Thomas, A.S.

From Journal, published on 02-06-2000

Developing Knowledge-Based Client Relationships: The Future of Professional Services

The advocates of the 'knowledge economy' have todate focused almost exclusively on how managers can increase the internalproductivity of their knowledge assets and intellectual capital. The importantnext step is understanding that a large and rapidly increasing proportion ofthe value of business tra...

By : Dawson, R.

From Book, published on 31-12-1999

Innovation Systems in the Service Economy: Measurement & Case Study Analysis

Given the growth in the importance of service sectors, increasing numbers of researchers and policymakers have taken a fresh look at service activities. This includes questioning received wisdom about the innovative capacity of these firms and sectors. The changes that have taken place in some servi...

By : Prof. Stanley Metcalfe, University of Manchester
Prof. Ian Miles, University of Manchester

From Book, published on 01-12-1999

Impacts of the Japanese patent system on productivity growth, Japan and the World Economy

We investigate empirically how the Japanese patent system has affected post-war growth in Japanese total factor productivity. The system hasbeen criticized for several reasons, including that it encourages numerous filings of narrow claims that build incrementally on fundamental technologies develop...

By : Maskus, K. and McDaniel, E.C.

From Journal, published on 05-02-1999

Organizational culture

The introductory volume of the Handbook of Work and Organizational Psychology is concerned with definitional, historical and methodological fundamentals. It explores the nature of studies in work and organizational psychology; the role played by the professional psychologist; and the ways in which t...

By : Van Muijen, J.J. (1998). Organizational culture. In P.J.D. Drenth, H. Thierry, & C. De Wolff (Eds

From Book, published on 31-12-1998

The Market for Credible Information in Biotechnology

In the past, public reactions to products have generally taken place in the post-marketing phase of development. Increasingly, however, products of controversial technologies such as biotechnology applications have undergone increasing public scrutiny in earlier stages of the development cycle. Clea...

By : Einsiedel, E.F.

From Journal, published on 31-12-1998

When a thousand flowers bloom: Structural, collective and social conditions for innovation in organisations

The micro-processes (small-scale tasks performed by individuals and groups) that generate innovation are considered in order to determine which conditions are best for the cultivation of innovations. A dynamic model of innovation is offered which reflects the innovation process as uncertain, knowled...

By : Kanter, R.M.

From Journal, published on 31-12-1998

Biotechnology in the Public Sphere: A European Source Book

A comprehensive assessment of European public opinion and biotechnology. It brings together comparative research on policy making, media coverage and public perceptions. This book is the major output from a three-year research initiative undertaken by an international, multidisciplinary team of soci...

By : Durant, J., Bauer, M.W. and Gaskell, G

From Book, published on 30-11-1998

Culture and climate for innovation

 Notes that many companies pay “lip service” to the idea ofinnovation and stresses that becoming innovative requires an organisationalculture which nurtures innovation and is conducive to creativity Considers thenature of organisational climate and of organisational culture, focusing onf...

By : Pervaiz K. Ahmed

From Journal, published on 30-11-1998

The effects of an Entrepreneurship programme on Need for Achievement and Locus of Control of Reinforcement

The study examines the change in nAchievement and Locus of Control of individuals in an 9 months entrepreneurship programme. The experiment comprised of two experimental groups (n =10 and n = 9), and two control groups (n =19 and n = 32). All groups consisted of male and female students. All groups ...

By : Hansemark, O.C.

From Journal, published on 19-08-1998

Smaller enterprises and innovation in the UK: the SPRU innovations database revisited

This paper presents a re-examination of the evidence provided by the SPRU Innovations Database on the role of smaller enterprises in technological innovation over the period 1975–1983. This re-examinationis the result of a detailed investigation of the smaller organisations listed on the Datab...

By : Tether, B. S. & Smith, I. J. & Thwaites, A. T.

From Research Policy, published on 09-06-1998

Venture capital-financed innovation and technological change in the USA

Venture capital has transformed the innovation process in the US. Venture capitalists provide funds and assist in the formation of new high technology business. They actively cultivate networks comprised of financial institutions, universities, large corporations, entrepreneurial companies and other...

By : Florida, R. and Kenney, M.

From Journal, published on 01-04-1998

It takes all kinds: creativity in the workforce, Training

Discussesthe various approaches to creativity taken by various corporations and whetherthere is a difference between creativity and problem solving. Distinguishesbetween adaptive creativity whereby employees find better ways to do their workand innovative creativity the ability to produce really big...

By : Filipczak, B

From Journal, published on 31-12-1997

Modernization and Postmodernization Cultural, Economic, and Political Change in 43 Societies

Ronald Inglehart argues that economic development, cultural change, and political change gotogether in coherent and even, to some extent, predictable patterns. This is a controversial claim. It implies that some trajectories of socioeconomic change are more likely than others and consequently that c...

By : Inglehart, R.

From Book, published on 31-12-1997

The Audit Society: Rituals of Verification,

This book is the first systematic exploration of audit as a principleof social organization and control. The author critically examines the reasons, means, and consequences of this audit explosion. He raisesimportant questions about the efficacy of audit processes, suggests that the consequences of ...

By : Powers. M.,

From Book, published on 31-12-1997

Winning through Innovation: A Practical Guide to Leading Organisational Change and Renewal

To avoid long-term failure while focusing on short-term success, business professors Tushman and O'Reilly present their views on the "ambidextrous organization." This is defined as having internally consistent structures and an internal operating culture that provides for excelling today while also ...

By : Tushman, M.L. and O’Reilly

From Book, published on 31-12-1997

Management of Innovation in Services

The article discusses two issues. The first is whether service firms innovate at all; the second is how they organise the innovation activities. The basis forthe analysis is a series of case studies in Danish service firms. The first issue is discussed theoretically. Of the several paradigms within ...

By : Sundbo, J

From Journal, published on 31-07-1997

The Learning Region: Institutions, Innovation and Regional Renewal

The learning region: institutions, innovation and regional renewal, Reg. Studies 31, 491-503. A potentially significant theoretical convergence is underway between the two hitherto distinct fields of innovation studies and economic geography. Through the prism of the 'learning region' this paper exa...

By : Morgan, K.

From Working paper, published on 05-07-1997

The New Task of R&D Management: Creating Goal-Directed Communities for Innovation

How do firms manage research and development units to optimize their innovation capabilities? First, the most innovative R&D units function more like a goal-directed community than as a typical bureaucratic department. One of the major benefits of a goal-directed community is that it preserves indiv...

By : Judge, W.Q., Fryxell, G.E. and Dooley, R.S

From Journal, published on 30-04-1997

Influences of organisational culture and climate on individual creativity

  Provides a framework for conceptualizing and reviewing the literature on the influences of organizational culture and climate on individual creativity. Discusses how certain environmental conditions, strategic...

By : Tesluk, P.E., Faar, J.L. and Klein, S. R.

From Journal, published on 06-03-1997

Finding creativity in a technical organisation, Research Technology

These days we see a number of majorcorporations reducing the size of their corporate technology (CT)staffs. Some are even completely eliminating them. Others, however,continue to maintain a strong CT effort. Why do these companies stillbelieve in R&D when other companies appear to be losing faith in...

By : Johnson, M.M

From Journal, published on 31-12-1996

Organizational Behavior: Concepts, Controversies, Applications

Designed for one-semester/quarter, undergraduate/graduate-level coursesin Organizational Behavior, Organizational Psychology, and Human Relations in departments of management, public administration, psychology, social work, political science, and education. Used by over 600 colleges worldwide, this ...

By : Robbins, S.P.

From Book, published on 31-12-1996

Risk, Environment and Modernity: Towards a New Ecology

Environmental and risk issues are symptomatic of deep-seated social and cultural tensions and transformations in the fabric of contemporary societies. This major contribution to the study of risk, ecology, and the place of social theory in making sense of the environment helps us to understand the p...

By : Lash, S., Szerszynski, B., and Wynne, B.

From Book, published on 31-12-1996

Sustaining the Entrepreneurial Society

The concept of entrepreneurial intensity captures how entrepreneurship fluctuates by degree and frequency, and how it applies to personal well-being, organizational performance, and the quality of societal life. Morris develops his ideas by challenging the 13 leading myths about entrepreneurship whi...

By : Michael H. Morris

From Book, published on 31-12-1996

Transfer of Technology to Promote Entrepreneurship in Developing Countries: An Integration and Proposed Framework

That entrepreneurships is vitally important to the economic development of a nation is indubitable. However, divergent approaches to promoting and fostering entrepreneurial development in the developing countries have been suggested. This paper explores the role of technology transfer to promote ent...

By : Lado, A.A. and Vozikis, G.S.

From Journal, published on 31-12-1996

The Challenge of Innovation Implementation

Implementation Is the process of gaining targeted organizational members' appropriate and committed use of an innovation. Our model suggests that implementation effectiveness - the consistency and qualityof targeted organisational members' use of an innovation - is a function of (a) the strength of ...

By : Klein, K. and Sorra, J.S

From Journal, published on 31-10-1996

Cultural Values and Regional Variations in New

Despite recurrent claims that cultural values are an important determinant of the level of entrepreneurship in a society, relatively few empirical studies with this focus seem to have been carried out. That is, while some studies of national culture and rate of economic development have been publish...

By : Davidsson, P., and Wiklund, J.,

From Working paper, published on 31-12-1995

Developing Personal Business Advisors: An Insider's View

The development of a team of personal business advisers (PBAs) within Business Link Sandwell is considered. A practical stance is taken, looking at the issues which arose in interpreting national guidelines within a local situation. The background to the setting up of Business Links is reviewed, and...

By : 

From Journal, published on 31-12-1995

Growth-oriented SMEs in unfavourable regional environments

Growth-oriented SMEs in unfavourable regionalenvironments, Reg. Studies 29, 489--505. In this paper the research focus is on'counterfactua'; cases of growth-oriented SMEs in peripheral regions of Britain(Scotland, Northern England, Wales and Merseyside). These firms aresystematically compared to thr...

By : Vaessen P. and Keeble D.

From Working Paper, published on 31-12-1995

Resistance to New Technology

This book compares resistance to technology across time, nations,and technologies. Three post-war examples - nuclear power, information technology, and biotechnology - are used in the analysis. The focus ison post-1945 Europe, with comparisons made with the USA, Japan, and Australia. Instead of assu...

By : Bauer, M.

From Book, published on 31-12-1995

The Knowledge-Creating Company

The authors, professors of management at Hitosubashi University, contend that Japanese firms are successful because they are innovative, that is, because they create new knowledge and use it to produce successful products and technologies. They identify two types of organizational knowledge: explici...

By : Nonaka, I. and Takeuchi, H.

From Book, published on 31-12-1995

Public Support for Environmental Protection: Objective Problems and Subjective Values in 43 Societies

The influence of public support on the success or failure of state-initiated environmental protection measures is investigated. Survey data from Western democracies, authoritarian regimes and the emerging democracies of Eastern Europe was analyzed. The results show that public support is a a critica...

By : Inglehart, R.

From Journal, published on 31-03-1995

The Creative City, London

Sets out a radical new vision of a creative city, arguing that cities now need to mobilise creativity not only to achieve competitiveness in new value-added industries but also to solve social problems. Sets out a radical new vision of a creative city, arguing that cities now need to mobilise creat...

By : Landry, C. and Bianchini, F.

From Working paper, published on 01-01-1995

Diffusion of Innovations

The fourth edition is (1) a revision of the the oretical framework and the research evidence supporting this model of diffusion, and (2) a new intellectual venture, in that new concepts and new theoretical view points are introduced.This edition differs from its predecessors in that it takes a much ...

By : Rogers, E.

From Book, published on 31-12-1994

Regional Advantage: Culture and Competition in Silicon Valley and Route 128

Why is it that business in California's Silicon Valley flourished whilealong Route 128 in Massachusetts declined in the 90s? The answer, Saxenian suggests, has to do with the fact that despite similar histories and technologies, Silicon Valley developed a decentralized but cooperative industrial sys...

By : Saxenian, A.

From Book, published on 31-12-1994

Managerial Inputs and the Growth of Rural Small Firms

Growth of rural small firms is influenced by education and work effort of owner or manager, and by degree of technology adoption and planning. Results are based on analysis of data from a small business survey in twenty-five rural Georgia counties. Employment growth in a sample of manufacturing, sal...

By : 

From Journal, published on 31-08-1994

Determinates of innovative behaviour: a path model of individual innovation in the workplace

The present study integrated a number of streams of research on the antecedents of innovation to develop and test a model of individual innovative behavior. Hypothesizing that leadership, individual prob- lem-solving style, and work group relations affect innovative behavior directly and indirectly ...

By : Scott, S.G. and Bruce, R.A.

From Journal, published on 30-06-1994

Entrepreneurial Potential and Potential Entrepreneurs

Before there can be entrepreneurship there must be the potential for entrepreneurship, whether in a community seeking to develop or in a large organization seeking to innovate. Entrepreneurial potential, however, requires potential entrepreneurs. This paper discusses antecedents of such potential an...

By : Brazeal, D.V. and Kruegel Jr, N.F.

From Journal, published on 31-03-1994

Pheysey, D.C., 1993, Organizational Cultures: Types and Transformations, Routledge,

In recent years global trade and telecommunications have rapidly been spreading the influence of large multinational forms of organization. An integral part of this process has been the rise of''organizational cultures'' unique to particular firms. In a world where such cultures are often in conflic...

By : Pheysey, D.C.

From Book, published on 31-12-1993

National Innovation Systems: Towards a Theory of Innovation and Interactive Learning

This book presents a new perspective on the dynamics of the national and the global economy. Its starting point is that the international competitiveness of nations is founded in innovation. Using an analytical framework where the focus is upon interactive learning a series of topical themes are dis...


From Book, published on 31-12-1992

Risk Society, Towards a New Modernity

Beck’s influential statement on the contemporary western condition has introduced the idea of the "risk society" and,along with Giddens’s work below, has produced the framework for the central social theory debate in Europe during from the mid-90s to the early 2000s.The concept of "refle...

By : Ulrich Beck

From Book, published on 31-12-1992

Reconceptualizing the determinants of risk behaviour,

In recent years, the role of risk in organizations has gained increased recognition as the consequences of risky decisions have become more visible. Most scholars who have studied decision-making behavior regarding risky organizational situations have focused on single determinants of this behavior....

By : Sitkin, S. B. and Pablo, A. L.

From NA, published on 01-01-1992

Guidelines for communicating information about chemical risks effectively and responsibly

Discussions of science and values in risk management have largely focussed on the entry of values in judging risks, that is, issues of acceptable risk. This volume instead concentrates on the entry of values in collecting, interpreting, communicating, and evaluating the evidence of risks, that is, i...

By : Covello, V.T., Sandman, P. and Slovic, P.

From Book, published on 31-12-1991

Risky Business? Youth and the Enterprise Culture

MacDonald and Coffield provide a fascinating account of youth enterprise in the 1980s in Cleveland, the area with the highest unemployment in Britain. At the centre of this scene was the Cleveland enterprise industry: a network of some 50 agencies which counselled, supported and encouraged young peo...

By : MacDonald, R., and Coffield, F

From Book, published on 31-12-1991

Innovation at work: the research literature, in West, M.A. and Farr, J.L. 9eds) Innovation and Creativity at Work

Combines psychological and organizational approaches to innovation in the workplace and suggests alternative theoretical and research directions. The contributions in this book achieve several significantaims: defining what is meant by innovation and providing cases as examples, illustrating interve...

By : West, M.A. and Farr, J.L

From Book, published on 31-12-1990

Market Orientation: The Construct, Research Propositions and Managerial Implications

Market orientation may be defined as the organization-wide generation of market intelligence, or information on customers' current and future customer needs, dissemination of that information acrossdepartments, and organization-wide responsiveness to it. Market orientation refers to the way that an ...

By : Kohli, A.K. and Jaworski, B.J

From Journal, published on 31-12-1990

Distinction: A social critique of the judgement of taste

There is aneconomy of cultural goods, but it has a specific logic. Sociology endeavours to establish the conditions in which the consumers of cultural goods, and their taste for them, are produced, and at the same time to describe the different ways of appropriating such of these objects as are rega...

By : Bourdieu, P.

From Book, published on 31-12-1984

The dominant role of users in the scientific instrument innovation process

A sample of one hundred and eleven scientific instrument innovations was studied to determine the roles of instrument users and instrument manufacturers in the innovation processes which culminated in the successful commercialization of those instruments.Our key finding was that approximately 80%of ...

By : Von Hippel, E.

From Research Policy, published on 31-12-1976

The silent revolution in Europe

”The Silent Revolution in Europe” was the first presentation of the intergenerational value change hypothesis. It argued that the publics of postindustrial societies are shifting from giving top priority to “Materialist” goals such as economic and physical security to placing...

By : Inglehart, R

From Journal, published on 31-12-1971

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