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Crafting Organizational Innovation Processes: Lessons for Optimizing R&D Organizations

Innovation is a crucial component of business strategy, but the process of innovation may seem difficult to manage.To plan organizational initiatives around innovation or to bolster innovation requires a firm grasp of the innovation process. Few organizations have transparently defined such a proces...

By : Desouza, K.

From Conference Paper, published on 31-12-2008

Innovation and development: recent trends

Following the Inno-policy Workshop on Innovation and the fight against poverty, hunger and disease, GRIPS organised a meeting on Innovation & Development which was held in Manchester in April 2008, explored the context and the substance of “innovation for development” today. PhD and earl...

By : Contributors: Swayan Chaudhuri, María Isabel Álvarez González, Lois Muraguri, Kathryn Morrison, Yanuar Nugroho, Waraporn Yangsap

Editor: Ian Miles (the University of Manchester, UK)

From NA, published on 29-08-2008

Measuring Microfinance

The fundamental question of microfinance’s impact is, “How are the lives of the participants different from what they would have been had they not received a microloan?” Answering the first part—“How are the lives of the participants different?”—is pretty ea...

By : Prof. Dean Karlan, Yale University

From Journal, published on 01-08-2008

Chile - OECD Review of Innovation Policy

Chile - OECD Review of Innovation Policy reviews the strengths and weaknesses of Chile's innovation system and recommends steps the government could take to increase the impact of innovation on the country's future prosperity and social well-being.The report suggests that Chile needs to invest more ...

By : OECD

From OECD, published on 08-11-2007

Unleashing India's Innovation: Toward Sustainable and Inclusive Growth

India's recent growth rate has been impressive, with real GDP rising by over 8 % a year since 2004. The country is also becoming a top global innovator for high-tech products and services. Still, India is underperforming relative to its innovation potential. Even a dynamic young population is constr...

By : World Bank

From Edited Book, published on 01-10-2007

Globalisation, poverty and inequality

The idea of globalisation is sold to the developing countries with promises of handsome dividends. Yet most of those promises have not materialised yet. This concept of globalisation necessarily involves a greater dependence on international trade, especially exports, along with the reduction of tar...

By : Lionel Wijesiri - Daily News - Sri Lanka Newspaper (Sri Lanka)

From Journal, published on 03-09-2007

Alieu Conteh - How an African entrepreneur put cell phones in Congo

Alieu Conteh, the chairman of Vodacom Congo, created a mobile digital communications network in a country where none had existed. In 1999, when he launched what was then Congolese Wireless Network (CWN) with just 4,000 subscribers, his nation must have seemed hopelessly ill suited for any investment...

By : Jason Pontin - MIT (USA)

From Journal, published on 01-09-2007

Ghanaians Urged To Invest In Research For Development

LepowuraMohammed N. Jawula, Chief Director of the Ministry of Health yesterday stressed the need for Ghana to invest in research to harness development. 'Ghana lacks the zeal of investingin research and we rely so much on donors for everything,' he added.Lepowura Jawulamade the call at the opening o...

By : Roger Agana - Modern Ghana - Newspaper (Ghana)

From e-Journal & Blog , published on 31-08-2007

Open Innovation- The Dutch Treat: Challenges in Thinking in Business Models

This article covers the subject of the practical application of the principles of open innovation in Dutch industry. Open innovation is considered to be the third stage in evolving systems for innovation management. The results of the study showed that innovative Dutch companies have successfully ad...

By : Van Der Meer, H.

From Journal, published on 30-06-2007

What Role do Cities Play in Innovation, and to What Extent do we need City-Based Innovation Policies and Approaches?

This report presents interim findings from the research project on innovation in cities that the Centre for Cities is conducting for NESTA (the National Endowment for Science, Technology and the Arts). It discusses the extent to which innovation is an urban phenomenon, and what is special about citi...

By : Glenn Athey, Max Nathan and Chris Webber

From Working paper, published on 26-06-2007

The Least Developed Countries Report 2007: knowledge, technological learning and innovation for development

Since the year 2000, UNCTAD’s Least Developed Countries Report has argued that there are two possible future scenarios for the 767 million people who now live in the poorest countries in the world.This Report is a contribution to a progressive transition in which sustained and accelerated econ...

By : United Nations UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development - United Nations (Switzerland)

From UN report, published on 01-06-2007

Building Linkages for Competitive and Responsible Entrepreneurship

The publications available here for downloading are products of a research partnership between UNIDO and Corporate Social Responsibility Initiative (CSRI), Mossavar-Rahmani Centre for Business and Government, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.The reports illustrate new models ...

By : Jane Nelson - Harvard College (USA)

From Edited Book, published on 31-01-2007

India: The uneven innovator

This report aims at giving an insight on the current transformation of the Indian science and innovation system. It also provides some elements of prospective. The research for this report was carriedout over 18 months by Demos, with the support of an expert steering group. The UK part of the projec...

By : Kirsten Bound - Demos (France)

From Public report, published on 01-01-2007

The Organization of Work and Innovative Performance: A comparison of the EU-15

It is widely recognised that while expenditures on research and development are important inputs to successful innovation, the seare not the only inputs. Further, rather than viewing innovation as a linear process, recent work on innovation in business and economics literatures characterises it as a...

By : Arundel, A. Lorenz, E., Lundvall, B-A

From Working paper, published on 31-12-2006

Science and technology partnerships for poverty alleviation in Africa

The question of how to build science and technology (S&T) capacity in Africa has been on and off the agenda for decades, as has the issue of how to use partnerships to accelerate capacity building. Recent policy proposals have focused on expanding S&T capacity but have emphasised less the need for a...

By : James Smith - ESRC Innogen Centre (United Kingdom)
James Wield - ESRC Innogen Centre (United Kingdom)
Joanna Chataway - ESRC Innogen Centre (United Kingdom)

From Research Policy, published on 30-06-2006

Agricultural Innovation in Latin America - Understanding the Private Sector's Role

For many years, governments and donors have promoted the generation of knowledge and technological innovations that improve farming and plant genetic resources in developing countries. Public agencies and aid organizations have initiated and subsidized agricultural research and innovation to supple...

By : Pomareda , Carlos & Hartwich, Frank

From Public report, published on 01-01-2006

Business Growth and Development Trajectories in Lagging and Remote Areas of Southern Europe

The resurgence of many lagging, mountainous or peripheral areasof the European Union may be attributed to thesignificant regional exports by firms located there. A survey in four mountainous areas of Southern Europerevealed that nearly one-third of surveyed businessesspanning the whole range of ...

By : Skuras, D. Meccheri, N., Moreira, N.,Rosell, M.B. Stathopoulou, J.

From EC reports, published on 31-12-2005

The Economics of Microfinance

The microfinance revolution, begun with independent initiatives in Latin America and South Asia starting in the 1970s, has so far allowed 65 million poor people around the world to receive small loans without collateral, build up assets, and buy insurance. This comprehensive survey of microfinance s...

By : Armend´ariz-de-Aghion, B.
Morduch, J.

From Book, published on 01-12-2005

Oslo Manual Guidelines for Collecting and Interpreting Innovation Data, 3rd Edition

The Oslo Manual is the foremost international source of guidelines for the collection and use of data on innovation activities in industry. This third edition has been updated to take account of the progress made in understanding the innovation process, the experience gained from the previous round ...

By : OECD
EUROSTAT

From Book, published on 08-11-2005

Trade and the impact of innovations and standards: the case of Germany and the UK

The effects of patents as indicators for innovations and standards on German trade performance are analysed in general and German-British trade in detail. The latter analysis goes a step further than the approach of Swann et al. (1996) and is based on a broader and more detailed database. The result...

By : Blind, K. and Jungmittag, A

From Journal, published on 12-07-2005

Population Innovation Readiness

Innovation is a cornerstone of the strategy to meet the target agreed by the European Council in Lisbon in March 2000 of the Union becoming the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy by the end of the decade. The success of innovative products and services depends on market dynamism. I...

By : TNS Opinion & Social

From Conference Paper, published on 30-06-2005

A European Information Society for growth and employment

In launching the partnership for growth and jobs as a new start for the Lisbon strategy,the 2005 Spring European Council called knowledge and innovation the engines ofsustainable growth and stated that it is essential to build a fully inclusive information society, based on the wide spread use of ...

By : Commission of the European Communities

From Public report, published on 01-06-2005

Innovation Systems in Latin America. Examples from Honduras, Nicaragua and Bolivia.

The concepts of innovation systems and innovation clusters have in several Western industrialized countries become important both for researchers and policymakers aiming at understanding and influencing the development of innovationand economic activities.The present report is based on the authors&r...

By : Alänge S. & Scheinberg S.
Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA)

From Public report, published on 01-04-2005

Enterprise solutions to poverty - Opportunities and Challenges for the International Development Community and Big Business

This paper has two objectives. The first is tointroduce the Shell Foundation and its way ofworking. The second is to offer up insights drawnfrom our experience as a contribution to the widerdebate on how the private sector and the InternationalDevelopment Community (IDC) canmost effectively catalyse...

By : Director Kurt Hoffman - Shell Foundation (United Kingdom)

From Public report, published on 01-03-2005

An Integrated Model of University Technology Commercialization and Entrepreneurship Education

The intellectual capital and property developed by our nation’s universities are often heralded as a significant resource for the introduction of new and innovative products and services to the country’s economy. Beginning in 1980 with the passage of the landmark Bayh - Dole Act, univers...

By : Boni, A.A. and Emerson,

From Conference Paper, published on 31-01-2005

Creative Capital - creative industries in the creative city

Over the last few years the “Creative Industries”, have become a major new consideration in urban economics and city politics. Writers such as Americans, Richard Caves and Richard Florida, have led much of the discussion supported through their analysis and data collection of this sec...

By : Brecknock, R.

From Working Paper, published on 30-01-2004

Open Innovation

This collection investigates the phenomenon of "Open Innovation," in which firms draw on research and development that may lie outside their own boundaries. The book's contributors link the practice of innovation to the established body of innovation research, showing what's new and what's familiar ...

By : Chesbrough, H. W.

From Book, published on 31-12-2003

The many guises of innovation: what we have learnt and where we are heading

For two full days, more than 20 theorists, empiricists and policy developers from North America and Europe discussed innovation from different perspective. They sought common understanding of the issuesand consensus on where work on innovation should be going in the medium-and longer-term. This meet...

By : Earl, L. and Gault, F.

From Working paper, published on 31-12-2003

The Theory of Human Development: A Cross-Cultural Analysis

This article demonstrates that socioeconomic development, emancipative cultural change and democratization constitute a coherent syndrome of social progress – a syndromewhose common focus has not been properly specified by classical modernization theory. We specify this syndrome as ‘huma...

By : Welzel, C. Inglehart, R.and Klingemann, H.

From Journal, published on 31-12-2003

Investment and technology policies for competitiveness: review of successful country experiences

This paper discusses the role of foreign direct investment in transferring technology, building technological capabilities and enhancing competitiveness. It highlights the important role that foreign direct investment can play in the transfer of technology, but also emphasizesthat the latter should ...

By : United Nations UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development - United Nations (Switzerland)

From UN report, published on 31-10-2003

Research co-operation II - Trends in development and research

The most important instruments that govern Swedish development cooperation with countries and regions are cooperation strategies. Sweden's long-term work with cooperation strategies for countries and regions is done jointly by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs and Sida, and the result - the strategie...

By : Department for research cooperation SAREC - Swedish Institute For Growth Policy Studies (Sweden)

From Research Policy, published on 31-12-2002

Government as Venture Capital Catalyst: Pitfalls and Promising Approaches

Former President Bill Clinton’s New Markets Initiative includes a proposal to create companies that will invest venture capital into small firms that operate in low-income areas. Important elements of this proposal are essentially recycled ideas that worked badly when implemented back in the 1...

By : 

From Journal, published on 18-12-2002

'Integrating Models of Diffusion of Innovations: A Conceptual Framework'

This chapter provides a conceptual framework for integrating the array of variables defined in diffusion research to explicate their influence on an actor’s decision to adopt an innovation. The framework groups the variables into three major components. The first component includes characteris...

By : Wejnert, Barbara

From Journal, published on 01-12-2002

The Financing of Research and Development

Evidence on the “funding gap” for R&D issurveyed. The focus is on financial market reasons for under investment in R&D that persist even in the absence of externality-induced under investment. The conclusions are that 1) small and new innovative firms experience high costs of capital tha...

By : Hall, B.

From Working paper, published on 31-01-2002

Radical Innovation

Incremental innovation can keep large companies competitive in the short term. But only radicalinnovation can change the game, leading the way to long-term growth. This book from HBS Press reveals the patterns through which game-changing innovation occurs, and identifies the new managerial compete...

By : Richard Leifer, Christopher M. McDermott, Gina Colarelli O'Connor, Lois S. Peters, Mark P. Rice, and Robert W. Veryzer

From Book, published on 31-12-2000

Research co-operation I - an outline of Policy, programmes and practice

The most important instruments that govern Swedish development cooperation with countries and regions are cooperation strategies. Sweden's long-term work with cooperation strategies for countries and regions is done jointly by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs and Sida, and the result - the strategie...

By : Department for research cooperation SAREC - Swedish Institute For Growth Policy Studies (Sweden)

From Research Policy, published on 29-12-2000

Innovation Interactions between Knowledge-Intensive Business Services and Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises

The book investigates the meaning, nature and consequences of innovation interactions between small and medium-sized manufacturing enterprises (SMEs) and knowledge-intensive business services (KIBS).It focuses on the concept of a virtuous circle linking KIBS' and SMEs' innovation capacities in Germa...

By : Muller, E.,

From Book, published on 30-01-2000

The Market for Credible Information in Biotechnology

In the past, public reactions to products have generally taken place in the post-marketing phase of development. Increasingly, however, products of controversial technologies such as biotechnology applications have undergone increasing public scrutiny in earlier stages of the development cycle. Clea...

By : Einsiedel, E.F.

From Journal, published on 31-12-1998

When a thousand flowers bloom: Structural, collective and social conditions for innovation in organisations

The micro-processes (small-scale tasks performed by individuals and groups) that generate innovation are considered in order to determine which conditions are best for the cultivation of innovations. A dynamic model of innovation is offered which reflects the innovation process as uncertain, knowled...

By : Kanter, R.M.

From Journal, published on 31-12-1998

Microfinance Handbook: An Institutional and Financial Perspective (Sustainable Banking With the Poor)

Microfinance is not simply banking; it is a development tool. It has been estimated that there are 500 million economically active poor people in the world operating microenterprises and small businesses. Most of them do not have access to adequate financial services. The purpose of this Handbook is...

By : Joann Ledgerwood

From Book, published on 01-12-1998

The Theory of Economic Development

Schumpeter proclaims in this classic analysis of capitalist society first published in 1911 that economics is a natural self regulating mechanism when undisturbed by “social and other meddlers.” In his preface he argues that despite weaknesses, theories arebased on logic and provide st...

By : Schumpeter, Joseph A.

From Book, published on 01-12-1934

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