This paper analyzes differences in the co-operative behaviour of innovative firms in Finland and Austria. We use data from the third wave of the Community Innovation Survey (CIS 3). Descrip-tive statistics indicate that the rate of innovators is quite similar in Austria and Finland, while the number of co-operating enterprises is considerably higher in Finland. Econometric analysis reveals that a number of factors that determine co-operative arrangements are only significant in one or the other country. We conclude that co-operative behaviour in the two countries is much more dependent on national factors and much deeper rooted in the underlying innovation systems than the existing lit-erature may assume.
From Working paper, published on 04-01-2005